The power of mathematics for describing and analyzing the world around us is such that it has become a highly effective tool for solving problems. Students can appreciate the intrinsic fascination of mathematics and explore the world through its unique perceptions. In the same way that students describe themselves as “authors” or “artists”, students are given the opportunity to see themselves as “mathematicians”, where they enjoy and are enthusiastic when exploring and learning about mathematics.
In the IB Primary Years Programme (PYP), mathematics is also viewed as a vehicle to support inquiry, providing a global language through which we make sense of the world around us. It is intended that students become competent users of the language of mathematics, and can begin to use it as a way of thinking, as opposed to seeing it as a series of facts and equations to be memorized.
Mathematical Strands have been designed in recognition that learning mathematics is a developmental process and that the phases a learner passes through are not always linear or age related. The content is organised into five strands of mathematics, which are:
- data handling
- shape and space
- pattern and function